Exploring keys for peaceful use of controversial sea space: A questionnaire to residents in Japan, China, and RO Korea

Dr Kazumi Wakita1, Dr Hiroaki Sugino2, Dr Kanae Tokunaga2, Mr Takashi Suzuki2, Dr Hisashi Kurokura2

1Tokai University, Shizuoka, Japan, 2The University of Tokyo, Tokyo, Japan


How can we use limited sea space peacefully among different stakeholders? This has been a long issue around the world, however, not a definite answer has been identified. The East China Sea is one of the most heavily used sea space among the world where variety of use are requested by Japan, China, and Republic of Korea. This study explores keys for peaceful use of the East China Sea through analyses of questionnaire to residents in the three countries. To explore people’s recognition of the sea, national interest, and support for marine biodiversity conservation among others, web question surveys were conducted from March to May in 2016 to residents of the three countries, respectively. In total, 2,811 responses were collected. Through factor analysis, it was understood that respondents in Japan recognize the sea as a sort of bounty with awe, whereas respondents in China and Republic of Korea consider the sea as an object which provides practical benefit. Furthermore, it was found that 47% of the respondents are happy to donate some money for conserving marine biodiversity in the East China Sea. Similarly, 51 % of the respondents are happy to donate some money for conserving marine biodiversity along the coast of their own countries. And the difference of these percentage is not significant, which could imply fairness for marine biodiversity conservation of respondents of the three countries.


Dr. Kazumi Wakita is an associate professor of School of Marine Science and Technology, Tokai University, Japan. Before joining the university, she worked for Partnerships in Environmental Management for the Seas of East Asia (PEMSEA) for three years as an Programme Officer of the United Nations Development Programme in Maila, the Philippines.

About the Association

The Australian Coastal Society (ACS) was initiated at the Coast to Coast Conference in Tasmania in 2004. The idea was floated as a means for those interested in coastal matters to communicate between conferences and where possible take resolutions of the conference to appropriate levels of government.

The idea was discussed further at the Coast to Coast Conference in Melbourne in 2006 and it was agreed that Bruce Thom develop a constitution of a company limited by guarantee that would operate on a national basis.

This plan was accomplished and in 2008 at the Coast to Coast Conference in Darwin the constitution was ratified and an Executive appointed. The company received charitable status in 2011.

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